How to add an entry for Zend Studio in your Ubuntu programs list

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I had been trying to add a shortcut/entry for Zend studio in my Ubuntu 11.10.  Finally I could find a way to make Zend studio entry come up in the Unity Application search or Filter. Actually its a rather straight forward procedure. Create a file zendstudio.desktop in the /usr/share/applications/ as root, add the following contents to it, using your editor of choice(I used vi editor).

[Desktop Entry]
Version=9.0
Name=Zend Studio
GenericName=PHP IDE
Type=Application
Comment=Zend's PHP IDE
Exec=/opt/ZendStudio/ZendStudio
Icon=/opt/ZendStudio/icon.xpm
StartupNotify=false
Terminal=false
Type=Application
Categories=Programming;


Courtesy:

http://thanhquanky.wordpress.com/2011/06/28/create-icon-in-unity-ubuntu-11-04-natty-narwhal/

(You could check out the above link to find way to add antry for any custom software using the same method).

N.B: Its my first blog post after nearly one year. Hope that I can follow it with more such useful posts.
The above method was tested by me in Unity based Ubuntu. But it should work fine in any GNOME based OS.

How to type New Indian Rupee Symbol(the right way)

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Pre-Requisite

To display the Indian rupee symbol , you must have a font—such as the Ubuntu Font Family—with support for the character.

Windows users may use the new Rupkara font which has the Unicode postion mapping for the symbol. For  downloading the font, please visit-http://blog.foradian.com/rupakara-first-font-with-indian-rupee-symbol

How-To

For K/Ubuntu 10.10 users, this is automatic.The sign can inserted in your own documents using copy-and-paste from another location, or using the Unicode-entry method, which is the correct way of doing it, and it is as follows-

  • Ubuntu 10.10:<Ctrl-Shift-u>20b9<enter>
  • MS Windows: <Press-and-hold Alt>20b9<Release Alt>
  • Kubuntu 10.10: Copy-and-paste ‘₹’
  • HTML: insert “&#x20b9;”

History:

The codepoint at U+20B9 was assigned by the Unicode consortium on 11 August 2010 (2010-08-11).

A fact-

Ubuntu 10.10 is the first operating system to ship with out-of-the-box support for displaying the Indian Rupee Sign, and this happened on 10 October 2010 (2010-10-10).

Courtesy:http://font.ubuntu.com/rupee/

A Fresh New Look for Ubuntu

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Ubuntu is making a switchover from its ‘Human‘ theme which defined the looks of Ubuntu for the previous 6 years, starting from the time Ubuntu was born. The new style of Ubuntu will be driven by the theme ‘Light‘.
    A comprehensive set of guidelines has been devised so as to reflect this change at every place related to the Ubuntu project. The new theme takes effect from the Ubuntu 10.04 LTS, which is slated for its release in April 2010. This new theme will define the looks of Ubuntu in all future releases.
    The new style of Ubuntu is inspired by idea of ‘Light’. and Ubuntu aims to be ‘Light’ in all senses. It denotes warmth, clarity, efficiency, lightness on resources, etc..

A display of the changes-

1)New Logo- Aims at reflecting the precision & engineering, that sits at the heart of Ubuntu, but not at the expense of the immediately recognisable circle of friends.

2)Community Logos-New logos have been made for the community sites related to Ubuntu.

3)New GTK Themes- I think this is the most important and a timely change for Ubuntu, that will go a long way in enhancing its popularity among the masses.

The Dark Theme

The Light Theme

4)New Bootspash- The theme change is complete with a new Boot Splash, that is absolutely eye-pleasing.

5)New website design- You can see a major change to the looks of the Ubuntu website-
http://www.ubuntu.com

6)New CD cover- The cd cover of Ubuntu 10.04 (onwards) will sport a new look.

Source:https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Brand and https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Brand2

NB:One thing which I disliked about this new theme is the placement of the Window control(Minimize, Maximize and Close buttons) at the left side of a Window’s title-bar.

My Ubuntu 9.10 Beta Experience

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I have now upgraded to Ubuntu 9.10 Beta. Initially it didn’t work out for me, a sI was getting only a white-screen when logged in. I thought Ubuntu was wrong in the release of such not ready beta. But on chat in IRC I found that I was wrong, and could correct it. The problem arose because I had replaced the original GCC with my own compiled version. It conflicted with the upgradation process. And there was nothing wrong in the upgradation, or the Beta, as such.
  So, on usingb the Beta, now I find the following changes-

  • First and foremost, now the Mute button of my Laptop actually mutes the sound(for the first time). The sound preferences menu seems to have developed so much. It now has more useful options, which are easy to find and use.
  • The Default Ubuntu wallpaper and theme is cool, far far better than its counterparts in the older versions. Apart from this now Ubuntu provides a host of other cool wallpapers, which are very awesome, much like the cool wallpapers, that you find in either Vista or maybe Win7(ya I’m talking about Windows…)
  • All the communication software now comes under a link in near the date and time notifier in the panel. Its now really easy to access Empathy, Evolution,(and if you have installed it-)Pidgin, Gwibber Microblogging client.
  • If you have installed Gnome-Do, you would find that it looks more cooler now.
  • Firefox is the latest version-3.5.3, with Ubuntu Canonical branding. So, it supports HTML5.
  • The different folders like- “Music”,”Home”, “Pictures”,etc, in each users account has now an informative icon, denoting its content.
  • Empathy replaces Pidgin as the default chat application, said to be for the long term good. Hopefully so..
  • The Login screen is now more integrated, and designed more logically.
  • The Compiz-fusion effects run much better in my Intel Graphics card now, as the kernel version 2.6.31-14, has new MESA driver, which supports Intel GPU better.

About Ubuntu 9.10

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The GNOME desktop environment has been updated to version 2.28 RC1 (2.27.92), the Linux kernel packages are now at version 2.6.31-10.34 and they are based on the final version of Linux kernel 2.6.31.
  The KDE variant of Ubuntu, Kubuntu, has also had its KDE desktop updated to version 4.3.1 and has a number of updated applications and libraries incorporated.
   This version incorporates an X-based splash screen as part of the faster booting enhancements and sees the first release of the Ubuntu Software Store application. The Ubuntu One file synchronisation service is also built in to this release.

Courtesy-
http://www.h-online.com/open/Ubuntu-9-10-Alpha-6-arrives–/news/114267
http://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/news/1534043/ubuntu-releases-alpha

Ubuntu 10.04 announced.

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Ubuntu 10.04 will be called Lucid Lynx and it’s scheduled for April 2010 and it will be a LTS version of the operating system, i.e,you will have 2 years full of updates, without the need of installing all over again.
The first Alpha version will be available later this year.
Ubuntu 9.10, is slated for relese at October 29 2009. Its currently in Alpha 6, which is expected to be the last Alpha for this Ubuntu version.

Courtesy-http://www.clububuntu.com/2009/09/ubuntu-1004-announced.html

Know about two amazing Linux distributions-Debian and Ubuntu

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Debian-
Debian is a free operating system (OS) for your computer. An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your computer run. debian uses the Linux kernel (the core of an operating system), but most of the basic OS tools come from the GNU project; hence the name GNU/Linux. Debian GNU/Linux provides more than a pure OS: it comes with over 25113 packages, precompiled software bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine.
Debian has now decided upon a 2 year release cycle, i.e, a new version of Debian will come out every 2 years.

  • Latest stable Version-5.0.2
  • Kernel- 2.6.26

Courtesy-http://www.debian.org/

Also read the wiki @ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debian

Ubuntu-
(My OS)
Ubuntu is a community developed, Linux-based operating system that is perfect for laptops, desktops and servers. It contains all the applications you need – a web browser, presentation, document and spreadsheet software, instant messaging and much more. Its based on the Debian linux.

They issue a new desktop and server release every six months. That means you’ll always have the latest and greatest applications that the open source world has to offer.

(I like this idea of new releases every 6 months, hence i’m sure i have the best)

Ubuntu is designed with security in mind. You get free security updates for at least 18 months on the desktop and server. With the Long Term Support (LTS) version you get three years support on the desktop, and five years on the server. There is no extra fee for the LTS version, we make our very best work available to everyone on the same free terms. Upgrades to new versions of Ubuntu are and always will be free of charge.

Courtesy- http://www.ubuntu.com/products/whatisubuntu

  • Latest Stable Version-9.04 [Jaunty Jackalope]
  • Latest Unstable Version-9.10 Alpha 4 (Version 9.10 [Karmic Koala] is planned to be released on October 29)
  • Kernel- 2.6.28-15 (See.. Ubuntu is more updated than Debian)
Ubuntu has been selected by readers of desktoplinux.com as the most popular Linux distribution for the desktop, claiming approximately 30% of Linux desktop installations in both 2006 and 2007.[7][8]

Courtesy:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ubuntu_(operating_system)

Oldest existing Linux distribution – Slackware (present stable version-13.0, released 8 days ago)

Hope you find this interesting. I also wanted to brush up my linux updates…
Hey i would suggest you to use Ubuntu and a thing that’ll surely attract you is that-

You can get it for free, right at your doorstep, how’s that???

Just log onto

https://shipit.ubuntu.com

Create an account in it once, and then fill the form with your address and create your launchpad id, after that for every new release of Ubuntu, you can ‘request for a free cd’. Then they’ll ship the ubuntu cd, within 4-6 weeks to your address, and you will get it at your home in a neatly packed cover.
I have got with me all Ubuntu cd’s from version 7.04, till 9.04(i.e,five versions) And hence i have clearly experienced how it has become more useful now. And more stable and useful too.. I suggest that all of you should get your hands on Ubuntu its simply superb. You’ll surely, love it and throw away your Windows… I’m sure. Just try and see… There will be no turning back.

Ubuntu Rocks……….

A Few things about ‘Ubuntu Pocket Guide and Reference’

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Ubuntu Pocket Guide and Reference is currently in v1.1.


Everything about the Book

At just 5.25 x 8 inches and 166 pages, Ubuntu Pocket Guide and Reference is a compact yet comprehensive guide to everyday Ubuntu use.It’s ideal for those who need vital information on all aspects of using Ubuntu, but who don’t have time to wade through thick documentation.

Each chapter of Ubuntu Pocket Guide and Reference tackles an aspect of Ubuntu.First, you learn about installation—getting Ubuntu onto your computer, after which you learn how to configure your computer’s hardware.
Following this, you’re introduced to the Ubuntu desktop, and the tricks and techniques of efficient day-to-day usage. The book then describes the highways of the Ubuntu filesystem, and gives a full run-down of Ubuntu’s file manager.
Next, the command-line is tackled in-depth, after which software management is explained. Finally, system security is described—configuring the firewall, installing antivirus, and encrypting sensitive data. Appendixes provide a glossary of terms, and a guide to understanding technical documentation.
Written for anybody switching to Ubuntu, particularly former Windows users, Ubuntu Pocket Guide and Reference assumes zero Linux knowledge. It provides the wisdom of the expert user and concisely conveys core competencies.

Table Of contents-

  1. Installing Ubuntu
  2. Configuring Ubuntu
  3. Getting to grips with the desktop
  4. Users and the filesystem
  5. Hands-on at the command-line
  6. Software management
  7. Securing the system
APPENDIX A: Glossary of terms
APPENDIX B: Learning more and getting help

Now what are you waiting for, my fellow Ubuntu users and prospective Ubuntu users. Get your hands on this amazing book at-

http://www.ubuntupocketguide.com/index_main.html

Afraid of trying Linux? No more..

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All the people out there who are afraid of trying Linux, just because you are very much used to the Windows, can now try it from within Windows, using some virtualisation technique. And the one I like among them is VitualBox by Sun Microsystems Inc.
Don’t worry by the name of a company associated it is the only professional solution that is freely available as Open Source Software under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). Using Virtual you can run almost any Linux distribution from within your Windows, never worrying about the consequences, as it will never affect the Windows host on which it is running. And it is a perfectly stable software.
Presently, VirtualBox runs on Windows, Linux, Macintosh and OpenSolaris hosts and supports a large number of guest operating systems including but not limited to Windows (NT 4.0, 2000, XP, Server 2003, Vista), DOS/Windows 3.x, Linux (2.4 and 2.6), Solaris and OpenSolaris, and OpenBSD.

Just try Linux, esp. Ubuntu or Open-SUSE, and i’m sure you’ll like it and soon start loving Linux. You can download VirtualBox from-
http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads

Now get your hands on a VirtualBox and start your journey to Linux and hence Open-source and know the joy and freedom you get in Linux.To know more about VirtualBox visit-
http://www.virtualbox.org

Improving the look of fonts in Linux

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Just save the following code, with the name- ‘.fonts.conf’ and put it in your Ubuntu home-page , i.e, the home page of a particular user. Don’t forget the period(full-stop) before ‘fonts’ in the name of that file!
The code is-

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM "fonts.dtd">
<fontconfig>
<match target="font">
<edit name="autohint" mode="assign">
<bool>true</bool>
</edit>
</match>
</fontconfig>

This tip was got from the following page-
http://www.codejacked.com/greatly-improve-the-look-of-your-fonts-in-linux/
Please visit this page to clarify further doubts. It surely has some notable difference, i tried.

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